A nation divided is a nation weakened and ripe to be conquered. The second English Civil War took place from 1215 to 1217 between the Royalists led by King John and the group of Barons who had spear-headed the campaign which led to the signing of the Magna Carta on the 15th of June, 1215, led by Robert Fitzhugh. John was fit to be tied, so to speak, over many provisions of the Great Charter, as the Magna Carta came to be known. One of the worst ones in his mind was clause 61: which allowed the rebellious noblemen to declare war on the king. In the King’s mind, he’d been forced to sign the paper. The ink had barely time to dry before John was trying to come up with a reason to nullify the contract.
The Magna Carta was arguably one of the most important documents in the history of freedom. The English contract between King John and the noblemen of the thirteenth century restricted the powers of the Monarchy for the first time. No longer could the king randomly enforce his will without limitation. King John met with his Barons in the field at Runnymede by the Thames River on the 15th June, 1215, the nobles of England expected the king to abide by the provision of the Great Charter (the Magna Carter). A committee, made up of twenty-five elected Barons (the ‘Twenty-five’) were the leaders of the rebellion and subsequent counsels.
They should have known better.